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Autor Wątek: Toyota i nowe technologie  (Przeczytany 20258 razy)

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ayrsen

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Odp: Toyota i nowe technologie
« Odpowiedź #15 dnia: 28-08-2006, 20:23:42 »
Toyota wzmacnia działania na rzecz bezpiecznych samochodów

TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION (TMC) ogłosiła 25 sierpnia 2006 swoją nową koncepcję zintegrowanego zarządzania bezpieczeństwem /Integrated Safety Management Concept/, będącą wyrazem dalszego kierunku rozwoju działań na rzecz bezpiecznych samochodów. TMC zaprezentowała równiż nowe technologie dot. bezpieczeństwa, które zostaną pierwszy raz zastosowane w nowym flagowym modelu Lexusa - LS460 - który zostanie wprowadzony na rynek we wrześniu 2006.

No dobra – tyle zdążyłem przetłumaczyć – reszta w oryginale...

As a part of its efforts to realize sustainable mobility, Toyota intends to strengthen its traffic safety initiatives in the future through: 1) the development of even safer vehicles and technologies, 2) participation in the creation of a safe traffic environment and 3) activities designed to educate people in traffic safety, thereby contributing to the complete elimination of traffic casualties, which can be viewed as the ultimate hope of a society that values mobility.


Integrated Safety Management Concept
Toyota's safety technology and vehicle development aims to provide optimal driving support based on driving conditions, not only by integrating individual safety technologies and systems in the vehicle, but also by adopting an infrastructure- respondent system (road-to-vehicle) and using information obtained from vehicles other than the driver's (vehicle-to-vehicle), to enhance synergistic effects.

Higher levels of safety are being pursued in five types of situations categorized by the degree of risk of an accident: parking, active safety, pre-crash safety, passive safety and emergency response.  By increasing such integration even further in the future, Toyota seeks to reduce dangers related to vehicle use in the pursuit of vehicles that do not cause accidents.

Integration of individual technologies and systems



*1 Vehicle Stability Control
*2 Anti-lock Brake System
*3 Global Outstanding Assessment

Under this integrated management, information detected by various sensors in the vehicle, including information on the driver's condition and the vehicle's behavior, is accumulated in the DSS (Driver Support System) computer.  This computer determines the optimal support to give the driver in order to prevent a dangerous situation from occurring, and it controls the various technologies and systems concerned.


Diagram of Control via DSS



Features of Newly Developed Safety Technologies
Based on the Integrated Safety Management Concept, Toyota has improved safety technologies for pre-crash safety, active safety and parking.

Pre-crash Safety
The Pre-crash Safety System uses millimeter-wave radar to detect vehicles and obstacles on the road ahead and help reduce the severity of unavoidable collisions.  Toyota was the first in the world to commercialize this system in February 2003 with its adoption on the Harrier.  Since then, the addition of a forward-oriented camera for image recognition has enhanced the detection capability.  In March 2006, Toyota added a driver monitoring system that uses a camera in the cabin.

The new Pre-crash Safety System announced today uses improved millimeter-wave radar and a newly developed stereo camera to detect pedestrians and support emergency collision evasion maneuvers by the driver.  Rear millimeter-wave radar has also been added that detects a vehicle approaching from behind and issues a warning to the vehicle.  Through these measures, Toyota is making advances in preventing accidents to the greatest extent possible.

■Pre-crash Safety System
1. Enhanced Frontal Pre-crash Safety System with new Pedestrian Detection and Collision Avoidance Support Functions

The new Pre-crash Safety System features the world's first* fusion of millimeter-wave radar with enhanced detection functions and a newly developed stereo camera. Information obtained by the millimeter-wave radar is combined with three-dimensional object detection information from the stereo camera to detect not only vehicles and obstacles, but also pedestrians.  A near-infrared projector located in the headlights supports nighttime detection.

The system retracts the seatbelts and warns the driver when it determines a high possibility of a collision. If the driver does not brake, the Pre-crash Brakes are applied to reduce collision speed.

When the driver takes emergency evasive maneuvers, VGRS (Variable Gear Ratio Steering) and AVS (Adaptive Variable Suspension) optimally control the steering gear ratio and suspension to support the driver's measures.  In addition, the system cooperates with the VDIM (Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management) to assist the maintenance of vehicle stability.

* As of the end of July 2006, according to TMC survey


Configuration of the Pre-crash Safety System
 


Passenger detection via millimeter-wave radar and the stereo camera



2. World's First* Pre-crash Safety System
A millimeter-wave radar device installed in the rear bumper detects a vehicle approaching from behind.  If it is determined that there is a risk of collision, the hazard lights flash to warn the driver of the rear vehicle.  If the vehicle continues to approach, sensors implanted inside the front headrests of the forward vehicle detect the position of both the driver's and front passenger's heads, and prior to impact the Pre-crash Intelligent Headrests shift to appropriate positions to reduce the risk of whiplash injury sustained upon collision.

* As of the end of July 2006, according to TMC survey


Diagram of control via Rear-end Pre-Crash Safety System



Rear vehicle detection via rear millimeter-wave radar
 


Illustration of Pre-crash Intelligent Headrest in operation



Active Safety
■Radar Cruise Control with All-speed Tracking Function
A newly developed cruise control support system monitors the preceding vehicle, maintaining a fixed distance according to the preceding vehicle’s speed; this system can maintain continuous control, ranging from stop (0km/h) to high speed (100km/h).

In contrast to an earlier system that sustained control in two separate speed ranges—low speed (0–30km/h) and high speed (40–100km/h), the new system can maintain continuous control even during the repeated starting and stopping of a vehicle in situations such as highway traffic congestion, thereby substantially reducing the burden on the driver.

Parking
■Intelligent Parking Assist
In September 2003, Toyota commercialized the world's first Intelligent Parking Assist system, which supports steering operations when parallel parking or backing into a parking space, and adopted it for the Prius.  In November 2005, the system gained the ability to process video images from a rear camera to recognize the location of parking space lines*1 and set the target parking position.

The new Intelligent Parking System announced today adds functions that use newly developed front ultrasonic sensors (a world's first*2) to detect other parked vehicles.  Based on information gained, the new system can estimate the physical dimensions of the vacant parking space and set the target parking position.  In combination with the other functions, this greatly simplifies the driver's own processes of setting the parking position and making adjustments, enhancing usability.

*1 According to color contrasts
*2 As of the end of July 2006, according to TMC survey


Parking space recognition using ultrasonic sensors


ayrsen

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Odp: Toyota i nowe technologie
« Odpowiedź #16 dnia: 04-09-2006, 16:37:16 »
Znalazłem trochę więcej info w języku polskim n.t. nowych systemów bezpieczeństwa w samochodach koncernu Toyota /szczegóły powyżej w języku angielskim/

"Koncern Toyota Motor Corporation poinformował o stworzeniu pierwszego na świecie systemu, który pomaga ostrzec przed niebezpieczeństwem uderzenia samochodu przez pojazd nadjeżdżający z tyłu.
Nowe rozwiązanie znajdzie zastosowanie w modelu Lexus LS, który na rynku japońskim pojawi się we wrześniu.

Dzięki radarowi umieszczonemu w tylnym zderzaku kierowca pojazdu uzyskuje informację o możliwości zderzenia się z samochodem nadjeżdżającym z tyłu. Wówczas następuje automatyczne włączenie świateł awaryjnych, tak aby ostrzec przed niebezpieczeństwem kierowcę drugiego auta. Jeśli to nie pomoże, wówczas czujniki umieszczone w zagłówkach przednich foteli mają za zadanie ustalić położenie głowy kierowcy i pasażera, a przed momentem zderzenia zagłówki zostają ustawione w takiej pozycji, aby zminimalizować ewentualne urazy kręgów szyjnych."

źródło: www.samar.pl

ayrsen

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Odp: Toyota i nowe technologie
« Odpowiedź #17 dnia: 03-01-2007, 11:18:21 »
Auta Toyoty wykryją nietrzeźwych kierowców

Toyota Motor Corp. jest w trakcie prac nad systemem, którego zadaniem jest uniemożliwienie korzystania z auta kierowcy, który jest pod wpływem alkoholu - poinformował dziennik „Asahi Shimbun”.
Samochody wyposażone w to rozwiązanie nie pozwolą na uruchomienie silnika, gdy czujniki zainstalowane w kierownicy wykryją nadmierny poziom alkoholu we krwi kierowcy. Mechanizm będzie również reagował na zbyt brawurowe lub niebezpieczne prowadzenie pojazdu, a specjalna kamera oceni, czy kierowca ostro widzi i koncentruje się na drodze. Gdy system detektorów wyczuje zagrożenie, auto zacznie stopniowo zwalniać, aż do całkowitego zatrzymania.

Toyota planuje wprowadzić nowy system najpóźniej do końca roku 2009. Podobne prace prowadzi również Nissan.

źródło: www.samar.pl

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Odp: Toyota i nowe technologie
« Odpowiedź #17 dnia: 03-01-2007, 11:18:21 »